List of Indian Freedom Fighters

India, once a world leader economically and strategically, was reduced to one of the poorest countries due to the horrors of colonialization. As per Wikipedia, during the 1700s, India ranked first among all countries in the world based on GDP.

A majority of historians agree to the fact that British colonialization crippled the country ruled by the British crown and led to an increase in British Treasuries. Social and cultural values were also degraded in many colonies such as Africa and India. Indians paid hefty taxes while working in a slave economy, all for the advantage of British enterprises.

Indian Freedom Struggle marks numerous events, personalities, and ideologies, all working with the sole aim of freedom from colonial rule. This includes personalities playing an ideological and inspirational role, as well as some directly acting against the colonies. Here is a brief about key individuals among thousands that played part in the Freedom Struggle.


  • Full Name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
  • Born: 2 October 1869
  • Died: 30th January 1948

Mahatma Gandhi was the leader of the Indian Independence Movement. Born on 2nd October 1869, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi led various resistances across India in the period between 1915 and 1947, opposing the colonial British rule. Entitled as “Father of the nation” (to India, Unofficially), he was a pioneer in peace and non-violence. Mahatma Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience Movement, along with various events helped India gain independence eventually.

Mahatma Gandhi was born in a wealthy family at the coastal city of Porbandar. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi was holding the office as Chief Administrator (also known as Diwan) of Porbandar. Porbandar was and still remains one of the major port cities on the western coast of India, and his father being the administrative head of the area made the family progressive.

He was born to a Hindu family, following strong views of peace and tolerance. Drinking and smoking were frowned upon in the area. Many of the historical details on Mahatma Gandhi, especially his childhood are taken from his autobiography “The Story of My Experiments with Truth“.

  • Full Name: Subhas Chandra Bose
  • Born: 23 January 1897
  • Died: 18 August 1945

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was a celebrated Indian leader known for his efforts in the freedom movement by grouping with Nazi Germany and Japan. He was also the one who is believed to have founded the Azad Hind Army in 1942, composed of Indian troops and POWs.

His efforts to help achieve Indian Independence were only partly successful. He served as the president of Indian National Congress during years 1938-1939 but was made to leave subsequently due to differences with Mahatma Gandhi and other Congress leaders.

He died in a plane crash in the year 1945, while boarded on a Japanese plane and flying over Taiwan. There is some controversy to whether he actually died at that incident.

  • Full Name: Manikarnika Tambe
  • Born: 19 November 1828
  • Died: 18 June 1858

Manikarnika, aka Jhansi ki Rani was one of the prominent freedom fighters in the rebellion of 1857. Also known as Lakshmibai, and born as Manikarnika, she was the queen from the Maratha-ruled Jhansi State, located in the north-central portion of The Indian subcontinent.

She was among the foremost figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and thus was for Indian nationalists synonymous to a symbol of resistance to the rule of the British East India Company within the subcontinent.

  • Full Name: Bhagat Singh
  • Born: 1907
  • Died: 23 March 1931

Bhagat Singh was an Indian socialist regarded as probably the most influential revolutionaries from the Indian freedom movement. He is also known as “Shaheed Bhagat Singh”, the term “Shaheed” signifying “martyr” in many South Asian as well as Middle Eastern languages.

Born into a Sikh household that was involved previously in revolutionary activities against the British, being a teenager Singh studied Western European revolutionary movements as well as was drawn to radical and Marxist ideologies.

  • Full Name: Badshah Nasibuddaulah Sultan Fateh Ali Bahadur Sahab Tipu
  • Born: 20 November 1750
  • Died: 4 May 1799

Tipu Sultan, often known as the Tiger of Mysore and Tipu Sahib, was a leader from the dominion of Mysore and also a scholar, knight, and poet. Having been the oldest son of Sultan Hyder Ali of Mysore.

Tipu unveiled numerous administrative enhancements throughout his rule, which includes his coins, a fresh Mauludi lunisolar calendar, along with a completely new property revenue process that initiated the expansion of Mysore silk industry.

Tipu improved the particular iron-cased Mysorean rockets and also authored the military guide Fathul Mujahidin, regarded as a leader in the usage of rocket artillery. He used the rockets in opposition to advances of British forces and their allies on their 1792 and 1799 Siege of Srirangapatna.

  • Full Name: Surendranath Banerjee
  • Born: 10 November 1848
  • Died: 6 August 1925

Sir Surendranath Banerjee had been among the very first Indian political leaders through the British Raj. He set up the Indian National Association, by which he directed two complete sessions of the Indian National Conference in 1883 and 1885, together with Anandamohan Bose. Banerjee, later on, had become a senior leader in the Indian National Congress.

Surendranath appreciated the Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms, in contrast to Congress, and along with numerous open-minded leaders quit Congress and formed the Indian National Liberation Federation in 1919. Banerjee was also called by the sobriquet as Rashtraguru.

He was editor of “The Bengali” newspaper.

  • Full Name: Surendranath Tagore
  • Born: 1872
  • Died: 1940

Surendranath Tagore was a Bengali writer, literary scholar, and translator. He was involved with supporting the strike that was called by railway employees in Bombay in 1899, and consequently became mixed up in the well known Swadeshi Movement in Bengal, towards the 1905 partition of Bengal. Surendranath’s work in the original phases of the establishment of Vishwabharati university or college is considered important, where he also sat in the university’s posting table. He graduated from St Xavier’s College, Calcutta in 1893, with an early on stage in his life he became mixed up in Indian nationalist motion. Surendranath’s sister Indira Devi Choudhurani, given birth to in 1873, was a mentioned litterateur, writer, and musician. He’s particularly mentioned for translating lots of works of Rabindranath Tagore into English. He also offered to work as the editor from the Visva-Bharati Quarterly from the July 1923 up to April of 1929. Surendranath is credited with creating lots of Indian-owned banks and insurance firms by which he wanted to encourage indigenous industries. An associate of the Tagore family living in Calcutta, he was born in 1872 to Satyendranath Tagore and Gyanodanandini Devi in Bombay. Surendranath is also thought to have been mixed up in an early stage of revolutionary Movement for Indian independence when he served as the treasurer of the Anushilan Samiti established under Pramatha Mitra.

  • Full Name: Shivaram Hari Rajguru
  • Born: 24 August 1908
  • Died: 23 March 1931

Shivaram Hari Rajguru was considered a great Indian revolutionary coming from Maharashtra, referred to mainly for his participation inside the killing of the English policeman. On Twenty third march, 1931 he was hanged by way of British authorities along with Bhagat Singh.

Having been a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, he desired India to be free from British rule in any respect required. He concluded the fact that ferocity against oppression is much more efficient against British rule compared to the nonviolent civil disobedience favored by Mahatma Gandhi.

Rajguru had become an associate of Bhagat Singh as well as Sukhdev and had taken part in the killing of a British police officer, J. P. Saunders, at Lahore during 1928. Their particular activities would have been to avenge the loss of life of Lala Lajpat Rai who had died a fortnight after getting hit by police force while on a march protesting the Simon Commission. The idea was that Rai’s loss came with the police action, even though he had addressed a gathering later on after the police action.

  • Full Name: Sukhdev Thapar
  • Born: 15 May 1907
  • Died: 23 March 1931

Sukhdev Thapar had been a great Indian revolutionary. He was a key member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), and also placed revolutionary cells within Punjab as well as other regions of Northern India. He was hanged at 23rd of March 1931 at the age of twenty three. His ancestral residence is within Naughara Mohalla of Ludhiana town, in the Punjab state of India. Sukhdev was son of Ram Lal and as well Ralli Devi.

  • Full Name: Chandrashekhar Tiwari
  • Born: 23 July 1906
  • Died: 27 February 1931

Chandra Shekhar Azad was the singular firebrand revolutionary who also intensely craved freedom for this country. A contemporary connected with Bhagat Singh, Azad in no way really received the identical amounts of devotedness with regard to his deeds, however, his activities had been no less daring. His life-long objective was to generate the maximum amount of trouble for the British Government as possible. Having been the particular master of disguises, he evaded capture from the British law enforcement several times. His well-known déclaration, ‘Dushmano Ki Goliyon Ka Saamna Hum Karenge, Azad Hi Rahe Hain, Aur Azad hi Rahenge’, is certainly exemplary regarding his model of revolution. Azad soaked up martyrdom as if it were an old friend and also prompted a new intense feeling of nationalism within the spirits of his contemporaries.

  • Full Name: Lala Lajpat Rai
  • Born: 28 January 1865
  • Died: 17 November 1928

Lala Lajpat Rai must have been a prominent nationalist leader who also performed a good part inside India’s struggle to get freedom. Lala Rai was a notable person in the famous ‘Lal Bal Pal’ revolutionary trio throughout the independence movement. His intense model of patriotism as well as powerful vocalism up against the British rule gained him the title of ‘Punjab Kesari’ or perhaps the Lion of the Punjab. He additionally opened up the Punjab National Bank. Throughout 1897, he set up the particular Hindu Orphan Relief Movement to maintain the Christian missions through acquiring legal care of such children. Having been terribly injured in police lathi-charge about the activists, who had been protesting the particular introduction regarding Simon Commission, he passed away a couple of days later as a result of injuries.

  • Full Name: Ram Prasad Bismil
  • Born: 11 June 1897
  • Died: 19 December 1927

A revolutionary independence activist, Bismil had been a skilled poet who also published in Urdu and Hindi, underneath the pen names Ram, Agyat and also Bismil. He was additionally the actual founding person in Hindustan Republican Association (which grew to become Hindustan Socialist Republican Association) whose very popular revolutionary participants happen to be Bhagat Singh as well as Chandrashekhar Azad.

  • Full Name: Batukeshwar Dutt
  • Born: 18 November 1910
  • Died: 20 July 1965

Batukeshwar Dutt, lovingly referred to as BK Dutt, Mohan or even Battu was given birth to on 18 November 1910 within the Oari village at what is currently West Bengal. He moved to Kanpur to learn inside the PPN High school, coming from where he or she graduated. In 1924, Dutt connected with Bhagat Singh, and then the 2 grew to become solid friends. Bhagat Singh ended up being a lively member of the particular Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) when he found Dutt, and even soon, the latter joined up with the force as well. Just like Singh and Chandrashekhar Azad did, Dutt also mastered making bombs during this period.

  • Full Name: Sarat Chandra Bose
  • Born: 6 September 1889
  • Died: 20 February 1950

Sarat Chandra Bose had been a lawyer and also Indian independence activist. He was the child of Janakinath Bose as well as older sibling of Subhas Chandra Bose.

  • Full Name: Bhupendranath Datta
  • Born: 4 September 1880
  • Died: 25 December 1961

Bhupendranath Datta had been a great Indian revolutionary and later he was a known sociologist. In the youth, he was strongly linked to the Jugantar movement, offering as being the editor for Jugantar Patrika until his police arrest as well as imprisonment in 1907. Within the later groundbreaking career, he was involved in to the Indo-German Conspiracy.

  • Full Name: Jayaprakash Narayan
  • Born: 11 October 1902
  • Died: 8 October 1979

Jayaprakash Narayan, widely known as JP or Lok Nayak, had been an Indian freedom activist, theorist, communist and also a political head, appreciated particularly for playing a prominent role in the mid-1970s resistance in opposition to Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, regarding whose fall he called out as a “total revolution”.

  • Full Name: Birsa Munda
  • Born: 15 November 1875
  • Died: 9 June 1900

Birsa Munda was an outstanding Indian independence movement persona as well as a tribal leader who also revolted in resistant to the British rule. Having been a visionary, he played out a crucial part in freedom of their local community, the particular tribal people, who had been subjected to prolonged dominance through the British exploitative policies as well as atrocities. His very own experiences being a young boy when he journeyed from one location to another trying to find work presented him with the perception of various issues from which the community had been battling as a result of British oppression. Right after discovering the belief that the British company found its way to India in order to pain the people, in addition, to transport the wealth overseas, he started dispersing understanding to reveal the goal of British and also accumulated his army of tribals.

  • Full Name: Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma
  • Born: 19 August 1918
  • Died: 26 December 1999

Shankar Dayal Sharma born on 19th of August 1918 was the 9th President of India, providing through 1992 to 1997. He was known for his prominent role and leadersip in the Indian Freedom Struggle. Ahead of his presidency, Sharma happened to be the 8th Vice President of India, offering beneath R. Venkataraman. Shankar Dayal Sharma was additionally the Chief Minister of Bhopal, as well as Cabinet Minister, possessing the particular portfolios regarding Education, Law, Public Works, Industry as well as Commerce, National Resources and Separate Revenue. After being the Leader in the Indian National Congress throughout 1972-1974, he came back for the Administration working as the Union Minister for Communications.

  • Full Name: Prafulla Chandra Chaki
  • Born: 10 December 1888
  • Died: 1908

Prafulla Chandra Chaki, born in Bengal, was a revolutionary linked to the Jugantar band of revolutionaries who have executed assassinations in opposition to British colonial officials so that they can acquire Indian self-reliance.

Prafulla along with Khudiram Bose attempted to kill the particular District Judge, Mr. Kingsford by means of hurling bombs on the carriage whereby Kingsford was initially expected to journey however he was not really within the carriage and accidentally 2 British women ended up slain. Prafulla ended up committing suicide when he was going to be caught by way of the Police. Khudiram Bose ended up being imprisoned and tried out for the killing of the 2 ladies and sentenced to death. Mahatma Gandhi could not agree to this kind of violence and also regretted the very demise of 2 blameless women. Gandhiji expressed “that the Indian people will not win their freedom through these methods” Nonetheless, Bal Gangadhar Tilak in the newspaper Kesari protected both young men and also requested immediate swaraj. It was accompanied by instant police arrest of Tilak by the British colonial authorities on the charges of sedition.

  • Full Name: Ashfaqulla Khan
  • Born: 22 October 1900
  • Died: 19 December 1927

Ashfaqulla Khan was a noted freedom fighter within the Indian freedom struggle. To provide a boost for their movement and get arms as well as ammunation to undertake their activities, the revolutionaries prepared a gathering on 8th of August, 1925 at Shahjahanpur. After having a great deal of discussions it had been chosen to loot the government treasury transported within the trains. On 9th of August, 1925, Ashfaqulla Khan along with other revolutionaries, specifically Ram Prasad Bismil, Rajendra Lahiri, Sachindra Bakshi, Chandrashekar Azad, Banwari Lal, Keshab Chakravarthy, Manmathnath Gupta , Mukundi Lal looted the actual train moving British government money in Kakori in close proximity to Lucknow.

  • Full Name: Keshav Gangadhar Tilak
  • Born: 23 July 1856
  • Died: 1 August 1920

  • Full Name: Lal Bahadur Shastri
  • Born: 2 October 1904
  • Died: 11 January 1966

  • Full Name: Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel
  • Born: 31 October 1875
  • Died: 15 December 1950

  • Full Name: Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Born: 14 November 1889
  • Died: 27 May 1964

  • Full Name: Rajendra Prasad
  • Born: 3 December 1884
  • Died: 28 February 1963

  • Full Name: Mangal Pandey
  • Born: 19 July 1827
  • Died: 8 April 1857

  • Full Name: Ramachandra Pandurang Tope
  • Born: 1814
  • Died: 18 April 1859

  • Full Name: Born as Sher Singh, thereafter named Udham Singh
  • Born: 26 December 1899
  • Died: 26 December 1899

  • Full Name: Babu Veer Kunwar Singh
  • Born: November 1777
  • Died: 23 April 1858

  • Full Name: Vinayak Narahari Bhave
  • Born: 11 September 1895
  • Died: 15 November 1982

  • Full Name: Khudiram Bose
  • Born: 3 December 1889
  • Died: 11 August 1908

  • Full Name: Gopal Krishna Gokhale
  • Born: 9 May 1866
  • Died: 19 February 1915

  • Full Name: Abdul Ghaffār Khān
  • Born: 6 February 1890
  • Died: 20 January 1988

  • Full Name: Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
  • Born: 10 December 1878
  • Died: 25 December 1972

  • Full Name: Sarojini Naidu
  • Born: 13 February 1879
  • Died: 2 March 1949

  • Full Name: Shaheed Madan Lal Dhingra
  • Born: 18 September 1883
  • Died: 17 August 1909

  • Full Name: Saifuddin Kitchlew
  • Born: 15 January 1888
  • Died: 9 October 1963

  • Full Name: Mohammad Ajmal Khan
  • Born: 11 February 1868
  • Died: 29 December 1927

  • Full Name: Chinnaswami Subramania Bharati
  • Born: 11 December 1882
  • Died: 11 September 1921

  • Full Name: Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
  • Born: 28 May 1883
  • Died: 26 February 1966

  • Full Name: Ganesh Dāmodar Sāvarkar
  • Born: 13 June 1879
  • Died: 16 March 1945

  • Full Name: Dadabhai Naoroji
  • Born: 4 September 1825
  • Died: 30 June 1917

  • Full Name: Velu Nachiyar
  • Born: 3 January 1730
  • Died: 25 December 1796

  • Full Name:
  • Born: 1787
  • Died: 5 June 1858

  • Full Name: Shyamji Krishna Varma
  • Born: 4 October 1857
  • Died: 30 March 1930

  • Full Name: Bipin Chandra Pal
  • Born: 7 November 1858
  • Died: 20 May 1932

  • Full Name: Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das
  • Born: 5 November 1870
  • Died: 16 June 1925

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